Hard-bodied tick (Ixodes ricinus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus)
The hard-bodied tick is a mite characterised by an ovoid body on the back of which there is a more or less extensive shield depending on species and sex. From a biological point of view, they are bloodsucking ectoparasitic arthropods at all stages of mobile development.
Of particular interest in the urban environment is Rhipicephalus sanguineus or dog tick; this species is predominantly associated with dogs and cats and particularly their environments.
The infestation of homes by this species originates, in almost all cases, from sharing domestic areas with inappropriately protected pet animals.
Although it can infest dogs as well, Ixodes ricinus or the castor bean tick is associated with wild animals and can be more readily found in wooded areas and parks.
Both the dog tick and the castor bean tick can be specific carriers of pathogens for humans and animals.
In the event of an infestation it is necessary above all to make a precise diagnosis in order to accurately determine the infesting species and therefore pinpoint the causes of the infestation.
When an infestation is declared, an urgent disinfestation and environmental clearance protocol is required. Simple localised environmental treatments have very limited effects over time in the absence of larger scale interventions.
Igiencontrol offers the following methods of disinfestation:
- Classical methods, using chemical insecticides;
- Innovative: cryo-disinfestation and thermo-disinfestation.