Flea (Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides felis)
The flea has always been the human and animal parasite of choice and immediately calls to mind the plague epidemics in Manzoni.
The species of flea which choose to infest man and his surroundings are: Pulex irritans and Ctenocephalides felis.
The first species is the typical species associated with humans and their environments; nowadays, it is becoming ever rarer in modern living environments due to the improved hygienic conditions of environments and the characteristics of building materials (particularly floors) that limit its development.
The second species mentioned (C. felis), however, is the species that now causes most cases of infestations in dwellings. This species is common in domestic animals (dogs and cats) and can easily infest man.
The biological cycle of the flea involves the egg stage, several larval stages, the pupa state and, finally, the adult stage. All stages of development, with the exception of the adult stage, are located at environmental level in cracks or fissures in the floor or the bedding of pets; The adult stage, however, regularly frequents animal hosts on which both sexes feed on blood.
The consequences of the adults feeding on blood are manifested by typical flea dermatitis (flea parasistosis); furthermore, fleas can pass on infectious and parasitic agents to humans and animals.
In the event of an infestation it is necessary above all to make a precise diagnosis in order to accurately determine the infesting species and therefore pinpoint the causes of the infestation.
When an infestation has been declared disinfestation action must be urgently planned.
Igiencontrol offers the following methods of disinfestation:
- Classical methods using chemical insecticides and development inhibitors;
- Cryo-disinfestation, Mechanical Removal, Thermal Disinfestation.