Bedbug (Cimex lectularius)
The bed bug is a small insect which in the adult stage is a ruddy colour and measures about 5 mm in length. Development is divided into the egg, neanic (different ages) and adult stages. At all stages of development, the species, predominantly active at night, feeds itself on blood from humans and various species of warm-blooded animals (dogs and cats). The host is pinpointed by specific receptors located in the insect’s sensory organs which allow it to receive heat and chemical emissions (carbon dioxide, fatty acids, etc.) from the host’s metabolism.
The development of the species and therefore the progress of infestation is closely related to the humidity and temperature of the environment. Dwellings with normal micro-climatic conditions are thoroughly suitable for the spread of the species.
In homes the pest is usually introduced by luggage and / or bedding (cushions and mattresses) or furniture (bedposts, bedside tables, etc.). Once introduced into the environment, the pest, in the presence of suitable hosts, produces several generations with the resultant emergence of the typical symptoms of dermatitis caused by bed bugs.
In homes the spread of the pest is passive, i.e. by means of blankets, pillows, clothing, etc., or more sporadically active; consequently infestation, besides affecting bedrooms, can spread elsewhere, especially if there are sofas and armchairs.
Environmental infestation cannot usually be resolved spontaneously, even in the event of the temporary absence of suitable hosts for the species as the pest has mechanisms to withstand hunger.
In case of infestation, it is therefore necessary to plan a disinfestation.
Igiencontrol offers the following methods of disinfestation:
- Classical methods, using low-tech chemical insecticides;
- Cryo-disinfestation, Mechanical Removal, Thermal Disinfestation.