Outside areas of industrial plants

Yellow-legged gull

Yellow-legged gull (Larus cachinnans) The yellow-legged gull is a large, particularly long-lived species living from 10 to 15 years and typically lives and nests in coastal environments. The species is omnivorous and produces one single batch of 2-3 eggs a year. The nest, made of dry plant material (sprigs, dry twigs, etc.), is very simple and is built directly on
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City pigeon

City pigeon (Columba livia domestic variety)  The city pigeon is a variety derived from the wild species Columba livia which has been bred for some time. The problem with the spread of the domestic variety in urban centres is basically the result of birds accidentally escaping from breeding centres and from abandoning examples which have been bred which, in urban centres (particularly
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Starling

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) The starling is a passeriform bird which roosts in copses and woods, but for some years has shown a strong preference to roosting in urban areas. This phenomenon is most likely linked to both the more favourable climatic conditions (higher temperature, less humidity and wind, etc.) which allow starlings to use up less energy to keep their
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Rat and mouse

Rat (Rattus norvegicus is Rattus rattus) and mouse (Mus domesticus) The rat is a rodent well adapted to living close to humans and has a strong ability to exploit the changes that man actually makes to the environment. Rattus norvegicus or sewage rat has a lifestyle more closely linked to subterranean environments and environments near watercourses, whereas Rattus rattus or
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Wasps and hornets

Wasps and hornets (Vespula spp., Polistes spp. and Vespa crabro) Wasps are social Hymenoptera organized in annual matriarchal colonies that construct nests using suitably kneaded and moulded wood fibre. The shape of the nests varies depending on the species and their location varies greatly depending on the environmental characteristics; generally, nests are constructed in attics, the cavities of rolling shutters,
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Housefly

Housefly (Musca domestica) The housefly is by far the most common and ubiquitous insect known. Adults are active from spring to autumn with peaks of occurrence in warmer months when temperatures reduce times for larval and pupal development with the resulting formation of numerically large populations. This species typically frequents enclosed environments (e.g. dwellings, stables, warehouses) and the immediate vicinity
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Cockroach

Cockroach (Blatta orientalis, Supella longipalpa and Blattella germanica) Cockroaches are insects characterized by a marked aversion to light and an omnivorous diet based on organic waste of various kinds found at environmental level. The three species most likely to infest habitational and working environments have differing biological aspects. For example, B. orientalis is a typical pest of subterranean environments (ducts,
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