Community Environments (Schools, Hospitals)

Yellow-legged gull

Yellow-legged gull (Larus cachinnans) The yellow-legged gull is a large, particularly long-lived species living from 10 to 15 years and typically lives and nests in coastal environments. The species is omnivorous and produces one single batch of 2-3 eggs a year. The nest, made of dry plant material (sprigs, dry twigs, etc.), is very simple and is built directly on
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Rat and mouse

Rat (Rattus norvegicus is Rattus rattus) and mouse (Mus domesticus) The rat is a rodent well adapted to living close to humans and has a strong ability to exploit the changes that man actually makes to the environment. Rattus norvegicus or sewage rat has a lifestyle more closely linked to subterranean environments and environments near watercourses, whereas Rattus rattus or
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Hard-bodied tick

Hard-bodied tick (Ixodes ricinus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus) The hard-bodied tick is a mite characterised by an ovoid body on the back of which there is a more or less extensive shield depending on species and sex. From a biological point of view, they are bloodsucking ectoparasitic arthropods at all stages of mobile development. Of particular interest in the urban environment is
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Fabric and leather moth

Clothes moth (Tricophaga tapetzella Tinea pellionella, etc.) Clothes moths are a heterogeneous group of "butterflies" that in the larval stage feed on furs, natural materials of animal origin and skins. Adults do not eat and therefore are not harmful. Harm arises from the fact that when feeding the larvae gnaw at and destroy textile fibres, causing holes in material and
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Silverfish

Silverfish (Lepismasaccharina) Lepismatidae or silverfish are wingless insects elongated in shape and characterised by the body being covered with silver scales that give it a whitish glitter. These insects attack various organic material especially if it is rich in proteins and carbohydrates and cause major erosions including perforating the substrate. Paper and cloth are particularly susceptible to attack by Lepismatidae.
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Soft-bodied tick

Soft-bodied tick (Argas reflexus) The soft-bodied tick is a mite characterised by an ovoid body flattened in a dorsal-ventral direction. From a biological point of view, these are bloodsucking ectoparasitic arthropods in all mobile stages of development. Of particular interest in an urban environment is Argas reflexus or pigeon tick; this species is associated with the city pigeon and in
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Ant

Ant (Lasius sp., Crematogaster sp., Formica sp., Iridomyrmex sp.) Ants are insects which live in pluriannual matriarchal colonies "dominated" by a female (queen) to which a large number of sterile females (workers) are subject. Colonies are established in the most diverse places and in accordance with the biological needs of the species. Typically, it is possible to find ant nests
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Flea

Flea (Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides felis) The flea has always been the human and animal parasite of choice and immediately calls to mind the plague epidemics in Manzoni. The species of flea which choose to infest man and his surroundings are: Pulex irritans and Ctenocephalides felis. The first species is the typical species associated with humans and their environments; nowadays, it
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Bedbug

Bedbug (Cimex lectularius) The bed bug is a small insect which in the adult stage is a ruddy colour and measures about 5 mm in length. Development is divided into the egg, neanic (different ages) and adult stages. At all stages of development, the species, predominantly active at night, feeds itself on blood from humans and various species of warm-blooded
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