Attics

City pigeon

City pigeon (Columba livia domestic variety)  The city pigeon is a variety derived from the wild species Columba livia which has been bred for some time. The problem with the spread of the domestic variety in urban centres is basically the result of birds accidentally escaping from breeding centres and from abandoning examples which have been bred which, in urban centres (particularly
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Rat and mouse

Rat (Rattus norvegicus is Rattus rattus) and mouse (Mus domesticus) The rat is a rodent well adapted to living close to humans and has a strong ability to exploit the changes that man actually makes to the environment. Rattus norvegicus or sewage rat has a lifestyle more closely linked to subterranean environments and environments near watercourses, whereas Rattus rattus or
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Bee

Bee (Apis mellifera) The honey bee is certainly the best known and most useful insect. The insect lives in pluriannual, matriarchal colonies consisting of a fertile female (queen), thousands of sterile females (workers) and, seasonally, males (drones). In spring colonies multiply, giving rise to the phenomenon of swarming. Swarms are made up of a queen and a large number of
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Wasps and hornets

Wasps and hornets (Vespula spp., Polistes spp. and Vespa crabro) Wasps are social Hymenoptera organized in annual matriarchal colonies that construct nests using suitably kneaded and moulded wood fibre. The shape of the nests varies depending on the species and their location varies greatly depending on the environmental characteristics; generally, nests are constructed in attics, the cavities of rolling shutters,
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Termite

Termite (Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Reticulitermes lucifugus) Termites or isoptera are social insects that live in colonies formed by a variable number of individuals divided into castes: it is usually possible to find the royal (winged) caste, the worker caste and the soldier (wingless)caste. Biology varies considerably from species to species although it is common to all creatures with an
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Woodworm

Woodworm (Oligomerus ptilinoides, Lyctus brunneus, Anobium punctatum, etc.) The term "woodworm" identifies all species of beetles belonging to different families which in the larval stage feed on wood and wooden artefacts. Apart from a few exceptions, adults are small (3-8 mm in length) with brown or brown-blackish colouring. The larvae develop in wood by digging food tunnels and, depending on
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Soft-bodied tick

Soft-bodied tick (Argas reflexus) The soft-bodied tick is a mite characterised by an ovoid body flattened in a dorsal-ventral direction. From a biological point of view, these are bloodsucking ectoparasitic arthropods in all mobile stages of development. Of particular interest in an urban environment is Argas reflexus or pigeon tick; this species is associated with the city pigeon and in
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Ant

Ant (Lasius sp., Crematogaster sp., Formica sp., Iridomyrmex sp.) Ants are insects which live in pluriannual matriarchal colonies "dominated" by a female (queen) to which a large number of sterile females (workers) are subject. Colonies are established in the most diverse places and in accordance with the biological needs of the species. Typically, it is possible to find ant nests
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Cockroach

Cockroach (Blatta orientalis, Supella longipalpa and Blattella germanica) Cockroaches are insects characterized by a marked aversion to light and an omnivorous diet based on organic waste of various kinds found at environmental level. The three species most likely to infest habitational and working environments have differing biological aspects. For example, B. orientalis is a typical pest of subterranean environments (ducts,
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